Sikh Hstory

The Sikh history started with Guru Nanak, the first Guru in the fifteenth century in the Punjab, India. The religious practices were formalised by Guru Gobing Singh Ji on 13 April 1699. Guru Ji baptised five persons from different social backgrounds to form the Khalsa. The first five Pure Ones, then they baptised Guru Gobind Singh Ji into the Khalsa fold. This gives the order of Khalsa a history of just over 300 years.

The history of Sikhi is closely associated with the history of Punjab and socio-political situation in the 16th century
North Western Indian subcontinent (modern Pakistan and India. During the Mughal rule of India. Sikhi was in conflict
with the Mughal's empire laws, because they were affecting the political successions of Mughals while cherishing saints from Hindu and Islam religions. Prominent Sikh gurus were killed by Islamic rulers for refusing to convert to Islam and for opposing the persecution of Sikhs and Hindus. Of the total of 10 Sikh gurus. last 6 gurus were tortured and executed
(guru Arjan Dev Ji and guru Teg Bahadur Ji and close kins of several gurus brutally killed (such as 6 and 9 year old sahibzaade of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

Along with numerous other main revered figures of Sikhi were tortured and killed (such as Banda Singh Bahadur, Bhai Mati Das ji, Bhai Sati Das ji and Bhai Dayala) by islamist rulers for refusing to convert to Islam and for opposing the persecution of Hindus and Sikhs.

Subsequently, Sikhi militarised to oppose Mugal hegemony. The emergence of the Sikh Confederacy under the misls and Sikh Empire under the reign of Maharajah Ranjit Singh was characterised by religious tolerance and pluralism with Christians, Muslims and Hindus in positions of power. The establishment of the Sikh empire is commonly considered
the zenith of Sikhi at political level, during the time the Sikh empire came to include Kashmire, Ladakh and Peshiwar.

Hari Singh Nalwa, the commander in chief of the Sikh army along the North West frontier, took the the boundary of
the Sikh empire to the very mouth of the Khyber Pass.

The empires secular administration integrated innovative military, economic and governmental reforms


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